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University of Minnesota

Kathryn A. Martin Library

HIST 3244 Research Guide

Holocaust & Genocide in Europe in the 20th Century

Cite Your Sources

Chicago is the citation style most frequently used in the study of history. If you have questions about what best suits your assignment, or about the expectations for your class, check in with your professor.

Cite Your Work With Chicago/Turabian

About Chicago Style and Turabian

Chicago (University of Chicago Press) style is most commonly used to inform style and citations in the humanities and social sciences, including history. Turabian is a relative of Chicago Style.

What is the difference between Chicago and Turabian? 

The primary difference is that Turabian is shorter and contains fewer instructions, and does not contain information about publication. The Chicago Manual of Style is designed for professionals in the field who are publishing, and has a great deal of instruction on formatting and many other things. Turabian is a pared-down version designed for students writing research papers.

Which should I use?

You should always talk to your professor, but for the most part, all of the guidelines that you find in Turabian help pages will also apply to Chicago style.  - From the Muskingum University Libugide for Chicago

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Zotero logoAbout Zotero

Zotero is a standalone software program that works with Firefox, Chrome and Safari. It allows users to:

  • Create a databases of citations by easily selecting items from your browser
  • Attach and organize your PDFs
  • Sync your database to the cloud
  • Share group libraries with others
  • Create bibliographies in a variety of styles