Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
University of Minnesota

Kathryn A. Martin Library

Open Educational Resources (OER) Research Guide

5 Rs of Open Education Resources

The 5 Rs of Open

In order for a resource to qualify as an Open Educational Resources, users should be able to:

  • Reuse --- use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  • Revise --- adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
  • Remix --- combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
  • Redistribute --- share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)
  • Retain --- make, own, and control copies of the content

(This material is based on original writing by David Wiley, which was published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221)

OER Resources

OERs can come in a variety of forms; for example: open textbooks, videos, courseware. Here are a few sites to get you started: